COPD can be extended as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, is a term commonly used for group of lung problems including but not limited to emphysema, chronic bronchitis and refractory asthma. The disease is mainly characterized by severe breathing difficulty and coughing, which is mistakenly concluded as the normal part of aging.
Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are the most common conditions that make up COPD. Damage to the lungs from COPD can't be reversed. Symptoms include short
It has been reported that only in the US, almost 26 million people are affected with COPD. It is considered to be the third leading cause of death in developed countries of the world. It is been observed that more than 50% of the adults with low PFT are not aware that they have COPD. Thus the actual figure for people suffering with the disease is seemed to be way beyond the number reported.
With the increasing survey, it has been commonly concluded that the tobacco smoke is the principal cause for the development of the COPD. Both active as well as passive smokers are at higher risk of COPD. Other than tobacco, people who have long term exposure to air pollutants in the home as well as at workplace; can also be affected with COPD. Apart from the main cause, some of the secondary risk factors mentioned here can as well be related to the development of COPD
Initially, the condition may go on without any signs and symptoms; however, progressively the disease may get worsen due to long term exposure of lungs to the irritants. The signs and symptoms of COPD patients.
Stem cells are the mother cells that are responsible for developing an entire human body from a tiny two celled embryo; due to their unlimited divisions and strong power to differentiate into all the cells of different lineage. This power of stem cells has been harnessed by the technology to isolate them outside the human body, concentrate in the clean environment and implant back.
Thus, stem cells treatment involves administration of concentrated cells in the targeted area, wherein they can colonize in the damaged area, adapt the properties of resident stem cells and initiate some of the lost functions that have been compromised by the disease or injury.
The different stem cells such as mesenchymal stem cells isolated from different sources of both allogenic as well autologous sources are known to be differentiating into cells of different origin through their transdifferentiation properties. These stem cells are known to possess angiogenic properties to enhance the network of blood vessels.